This photograph is a screen shot of Winnie Fox from my friend Jordan Freeman's film Low Coal @ 46:51. Fox is telling the officer at the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection --aka " Department of Every Polluter"about things "going right down the toilet. The corporations are so corrupt. They'll do anything to make a dollar."
Juanita "Winnie" Fox would have been 91 this March. She died this morning after a fall yesterday, according to Janet Keating of the Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition (OVEC), when Fox had served as a Board Member.
Vernon Haltom of Coal River Mountain Watch shares his favorite memory,
I'm thinking of the occupation of [then West Virginia Governor and now U.S. Senator Joe] Manchin's office during Mountain Justice Spring Break 2007. It was Winnie's 87th birthday and we all sang Happy Birthday to her. When the cops dragged her out into the hall and were trying to drag her our of her chair, she said to the cop, "I'm ready to die today. Are you?" A few days later then-state senator Vic Sprouse posted on his blog that he wished the cops had tasered her.
Winnie will always be one of those brilliant examples of someone completely unafraid to call it like it is. She will be sorely missed. What are these raging Grannies in heaven going to do if they get access to the lightning bolts?
Vivian Stockman of Ohio Valley Environmental Coaltion shared this article which included a photo by Jesse Mwaura (and Viv's camera) showing
Winnie at the big rally near the fountain at the State Capitol—waving a pink (undergarment) slip that was a signal for then-DEP head Stephanie Timberminer to give herself a pink slip.
Fox was one of the arrestees June 23, 2009 at at the Marsh Fork School, protesting that the school sits just 150 feet from Massey coal silo, under a 2.8 billion gallon toxic coal sludge impoundment held back by only an earthen dam, which is shaken by blasts from the 1,849 acrea mountaintop removal (MTR) site. The disaster evacuation plan for the school stated that if the dam broke, the kids at the Pettus Head Start would have 12 minutes before the sludge is 5.7-feet-deep, 31.5 feet in 20 minutes and 72 feet in 30 minutes--that's an average of 4 feet per minute. (I've read the actual plan, but right now it's not available online. I've written the site to apprise them.)
Fox was using a fancy walker (the kind with the seat) to get about. I can still see her, decked out in khaki shorts, sunglasses, and white matching tennis shoes, baseball cap and t-shirt (the latter bearing a message and adorned w. buttons). With one hand, Fox steadied herself on the walker. The other, she raised high above her head in a fist. Behind her state police were milling about, and behind them, Massey employees and their wives were decked out in their black gear with orange reflective tape. Things were tense that day. The miners and supporters were restive--one wife shoved Judy Bonds. Others revved their motorcycles to try and drown own the MTR opponents. There were snipers on the roof. We walked from the school to the Massey site. Fox and others including former WV Congressman and Secretary of State Ken Hechler (four years her senior) refused to move off the premises. Her friends have told me how proud she was to finally get arrested that day (she had been trying for years at other protests.) Here's Viv's photo of Winnie being released from custody.
Born in the eastern Kentucky coalfields, Fox's roots as a protester go back to 1930, according to Jeff Biggers,
when she insisted on drinking from a segregated water foundation in Huntington, West Virginia, where her family moved when she was a child...Fox has been involved in stopping reckless pollution in the rivers and watersheds for decades, dating back to her earliest movement against Ashland Oil's pulp mill dumping of toxic material in the waterways.
You can read some of her friends' comments on my facebook post, which is public. Memories of her life have also been coming into the Friends of Mountains mailing list. Here's what Bill Price of the Sierra Club Environmental Justice Program wrote, reprinted with his permission:
Winnie was a strident activist. She was always looking for the next thing that needed to get done (including risking arrest) and always had a kind word for everyone. Except for Bill Raney of course. One of my favorite pictures of Winnie is of her standing over Raney with this fierce look. He looked like he was afraid of being whipped. And I imagine that fear was justified.
[Raney, for those not familiar with his name is President of the West Virginia Coal Association--this link is to a Bill Moyers episode, The Cost of Coal, which includes Raney. I have no desire to drive more traffic to Raney's site. Vivian Stockman is searching the archives for a copy of that photo, too, and I'll post it if she finds it.]
Winnie's granddaughter, Melissa Fox, wrote OVEC,
In true Winnie fashion there will be no funeral but instead a party honoring her life.
Please join us this Saturday, February 19, at Wesvanawha, 825 4th Avenue in Huntington from 7:00pm-8:30pm. All are welcome. I know that she had many friends at OVEC and throughout the community so please spread the word and pass this along.
Her daughter, Jan Fox, sent on a draft of the obituary:
Juanita “Winnie” McClure Fox, 90, died on February 16, 2011 at Saint Mary’s Hospital. She was preceded in death by Jack Leo Fox, her husband for more than 50 years. She was an outspoken environmentalist and fiercely committed to social justice her entire well-lived life. In 2010, she was presented the West Virginia Environmental Council’s Mother Jones Award. She was the loving mother of John Fox of Logan, WV, Jim Fox of Huntington, WV, Dr. Julia Fox of Eugene, OR and Dr. Jan I Fox of South Point, OH. She was the grandmother to Wendy McQuad of Albany, OH, Jack Fox of Logan, WV, Jim Fox of Mount Vernon, OH, Dr. Melissa Fox of South Charleston, WV, James Paul Fox of Huntington, WV, Vlad and Che Fox-Cisco of Eugene, OR, Catherine and Bethany Cremeans of Cincinnati, OH. A celebration of her life will take place on Saturday February 19th, 2011 from 7:00 pm – 8:30 pm at Wasvanawha’s at 825 4th Avenue in Huntington, WV. In lieu of flowers, donations may be directed to OVEC, PO Box 6753, Huntington West Virginia 25773 or CRMW,P.O. Box 651,Whitesville, WV 25209
Although, like Fox, I was there that day at Marsh Fork, I never had the chance to talk with her, unlike her lucky friends, who shared many conversations over the years. But, I have had the opportunity to read her words, speaking truth to power: she often wrote letters to the editor of the Huntington Herald-Dispatch. I'll quote from her in an upcoming post, "What Would Winnie Say." Right now I'm due at Roanoke College, ironically, for a reading and symposium at Roanoke College, "Writing about Grief:."